Managing Business Global Pandemic Brainly – The coronavirus crisis has upended American life, and new ideas are needed to deal with the problems it creates. Here is a collection of great solutions.
The government cannot be trusted to give a definitive answer. Turn to independent scientists instead. By Rick Steiner • Published on June 18th
Managing Business Global Pandemic Brainly
As federal and state governments assess their response to the novel coronavirus pandemic, they need independent and credible scientific review and advice. To do so, they must turn to the National Academy of Medicine and the National Academy of Sciences.
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Although the Republican-controlled Senate plans to hold an oversight hearing and the White House coronavirus task force may conduct an internal assessment, these reviews will likely be insufficient. Much of the American public no longer trusts the administration or a partisan Congress to settle with them on this issue. It has become clear that experts in federal agencies are often not free to tell the truth, and that congressional committees cannot unravel the scientific complexity of this epidemic.
We need the best our scientific community can provide, and to that end, Congress should commission an expert committee to assess the federal and state Covid-19 response to date, how to best prepare for a second wave this winter, and how to prevent another outbreak of the viral pathogen. The panel should then submit an interim report by September 15.
The National Academies are the only institutions that can advise on this matter in a scientifically credible and non-political manner. The National Academy of Medicine—one of three scientific institutions chartered by Congress to provide objective advice on science, technology, and health nationally and globally—is selected by more than 2,000 members for their outstanding achievements. Disease resistance and response.
So far, Congress has not responded to the question, possibly out of fear of retaliation from President Trump. But if the Congress can put politics aside at this crucial moment and think about what is best for the country, the Congress will readily agree to convene this expert advisory committee.
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Rick Steiner is a retired professor at the University of Alaska and author of “Oasis Earth: Planet in Peril.”
If society truly wants to fight the Covid-19 pandemic, we must radically change a standard modus operandi of the healthcare industry: make de-identified patient data freely accessible.
This is illustrated by the recent retractions of two high-profile scholarly papers on potential Covid-19 treatment drugs – in the Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine. Both papers were retracted due to problems accessing raw study data. The authors of the retracted NEJM article state that they do not have access to data from a company that does not allow others to see it.
It may seem unusual for authors of a scientific paper to never see data in their research, but it is not. This type of confidentiality is standard for studies using data from medical centers and insurance companies. Some blame it on privacy, even if it’s just a simple list of numbers that can pass all privacy-preserving checks. Others blame it on cost or bureaucracy. The painful truth is that most health care research cannot be checked for accuracy.
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What does it take to switch medical institutions? Months ago, there should be at least one freely accessible data for Covid-19 patients to help predict death based on age, underlying health conditions such as diabetes and heart disease. Yet no hospital, insurer or National Health Service has (yet) released individual patient data of decent quality. Yes, they all have that data.
It is beyond epidemic. If society is to fight disease, racism, and other forms of bias to deliver high-quality medical care, understand drug effects, conduct reproducible health data science, we need freely accessible data.
No more excuses. No one should be blamed for the problem. Do it together. This is very important and many lives are at stake.
Cynthia Rudin is a professor of computer science, electrical and computer engineering, and statistical science at Duke University.
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Countries around the world are responding to the novel coronavirus by running record budget deficits and issuing huge amounts of debt to address health needs, support unemployment and help companies hit by lockdowns. As a result, many countries may soon face a debt crisis on top of their health and economic crises – especially if growth recovers slowly.
What can be done? History teaches us that delaying debt restructuring and hoping for the best often leads to the worst. When investors start worrying about debt sustainability, they charge more. Countries are forced to cut production costs and find ways to lower interest costs — such as switching to short-term or foreign-currency-linked debt. It only moves the day of earlier calculation.
A better way to put a country’s debt on a sustainable path is to use growth-indexed debt to contractually tie future debt payments to different growth outcomes. Here’s how it works: If a country recovers faster than expected, it pays more. This makes the terms attractive to borrowers who accept more than their basic conditions. Conversely, if a country recovers more slowly, it pays less. This frees up resources for struggling economies to support pressing needs.
Research shows that the benefits from such an approach are even greater when the economic outlook is uncertain and debt levels are high (although debt is not unsustainably high in most cases) – making it a good solution to our current situation.
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Details in these types of contracts are important. Careful attention must be paid to verifying growth rates, handling data revisions, and framing payment thresholds. The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank could help draft agreements that address these technical issues, building on existing work already done in international working groups. Properly constructed growth-indexed debt can be part of the solution to helping countries today — as well as avoiding a credit crunch later.
Christine Forbes is Professor of Global Economics and Management at the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She served as a member of the White House Council of Economic Advisers and as an external member of the Bank of England Monetary Policy Committee.
In an economic downturn, the social safety net is widened to help struggling families. But low-income college students are often left out.
Because some college students have access to family resources that may not appear on an application, most Social Safety Net programs have additional restrictions for them to qualify. For example, college students are eligible for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, better known as food stamps, if they meet certain criteria, such as working at least 20 hours a week or obtaining federal work-study. Eligibility for unemployment benefits and Medicaid varies by state, but they also pose additional hurdles for students.
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In response to the recession, federal policymakers decided not to deregulate students and exempt dependent students from stimulant testing. But these decisions have consequences: After the 2008 recession, families with two-year college students — who are likely to come from low-income families — experienced a sharp increase in food insecurity.
My Urban Institute colleagues and I profiled the financial hardships students face during the pandemic. One student, Adam Ramsdell, lost his on-campus job and SNAP benefits along with it. When lawmakers chose to give colleges emergency funds to disburse to help students like Ramsdell — despite heroic actions from institutions and others in trying to disburse these funds — aid disbursement delays and eligibility hurdles began to take their toll. The students
At the heart of the problem is that current policy treats colleges as a safety net, rather than giving low-income students easy access to programs like SNAP.
To address this, the federal government could temporarily suspend work requirements for college students on SNAP. If policymakers roll out a second phase of stimulus checks, dependent students should be included. In the long term, policymakers could consider making changes to students’ SNAP eligibility, as outlined in the College Student Hunger Act of 2019.
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College students have already experienced considerable upheaval due to the pandemic. Access to social security net supports could have softened the blow.
Christine Blagg is a senior research associate at the Center on Education Data and Policy at the Urban Institute.
Bringing the Oil and Gas Industry Back to Work – Investing in Clean Energy By Fred Krupp • Published June 3
As we focus on rebuilding our economy while containing the novel coronavirus, it is critical that we invest in better jobs to create more good jobs, reduce air pollution and create a more sustainable future.
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The clean energy industry, which has been adding jobs 70 percent faster than the economy as a whole, has lost 600,000 jobs over the past few months. Those workers are in demand
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