# How To Know How Much You Get Back On Taxes

How To Know How Much You Get Back On Taxes – Return on investment (ROI) is the key measure of the profit derived from any investment. It is a ratio that compares the gain or loss of an investment relative to its price. It is useful in evaluating the current or potential return of an investment, whether you are evaluating the performance of your stock portfolio, considering a business investment or deciding whether to take on a new project.

Are key metrics that are used to evaluate and rank the attractiveness of a number of different investment alternatives.

## How To Know How Much You Get Back On Taxes ROI = NetReturnonInvestment CostofInvestment × 100% begin&text = frac } } times 100% \end ROI = CostofInvestment NetReturnonInvestment ​ × 100% ​

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ROI = FVI − IVI Costofinvestment × 100% Where: FVI = Finalvalueofinvestment IVI = Initialvalueofinvestment begin&text = frac – text }} times 100% \&textbf \&text = text \& text = text \end ROI = CostofInvestment FVI − IVI ​ × 100% Where: FVI = Finalvalueofinvestment IVI = Initialvalueofinvestment​

When interpreting ROI calculations, it’s important to keep a few things in mind. First, ROI is typically expressed as a percentage because it is intuitively easier to understand than a ratio. Second, the ROI calculation includes the net return in the numerator because returns on an investment can be positive or negative.

When ROI calculations give a positive figure, it means that net returns are black (because total returns exceed total costs). But when ROI calculations give a negative figure, it means that the net return is in the red because the total costs exceed the total returns.

Finally, to calculate ROI with the highest degree of accuracy, total returns and total costs should be considered. For an apples-to-apples comparison between competing investments, annualized ROI should be considered.

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The ROI formula can be deceptively simple. It depends on an accurate accounting of costs. That’s easy in the case of stock shares, for example. But it is more complicated in other cases, such as calculating the ROI of a business project under consideration.

Assume that an investor bought 1,000 shares of the hypothetical company Worldwide Wickets Co. at $10 per share. One year later, the investor sold the shares for$12.50. The investor earned dividends of $500 over the one-year holding period. The investor spent a total of$125 on trading commissions to buy and sell the shares.

ROI = ($12.50 –$10) × 1000 + $500 –$125 $10 × 1000 × 100 = 28.75% begintext &= frac times 100 \&= 28.75% \end =$10 × 1000 ($12.50 –$10) × 1000 + $500 –$125 × 100 = 28.75% If you further dissect the ROI into its component parts, it is revealed that 23.75% came from capital gains and 5% came from dividends. This distinction is important because capital gains and dividends are taxed at different rates.

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ROI = CapitalGains% − Commission% + Dividend Yield begin&text = text – text + text \end ROI = CapitalGains% − Commission% + Dividend Yield ​

Capital Gains = ($2500 ÷$10,000) × 100 = 25.00% Commissions = ($125 ÷$10,000) × 100 = 1.25% Dividend Yield = ($500 ÷$100% = $500 100%) . 25.00 % − 1.25 % + 5.00 % = 28.75 % begin&text = ($2500 div $10,000) times 100 = 25.00% \&text = ($125 div $10, 000) times 100 = 1.25% \& text = ($500 div $10,000) times 100 = 5.00% \&text = 25.00% – 1.25% + 5.00% = 28.75% \ End Capital Guns = ($2500 ÷ $10, 000) × 100 = 25.00% Commissions = ($125 ÷ $10,000) × 100 = 1.25% Dividend Yield = ($500 ÷ 0 $0%, 0$0% . % – 1.25% + 5.00% = 28.75%

A positive ROI means that net returns are positive because total returns are greater than any associated costs. A negative ROI indicates that the total costs are greater than the returns.

If, for example, commissions are split, there is an alternative method of calculating the hypothetical investor’s ROI for the Worldwide Wickets Co. investment. Assume the following split in the total commissions: $50 when buying the shares and$75 when selling the shares.

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IVI = $10,000 +$50 = $10,050 FVI =$12,500 + $500 –$75 FVI = $12,925 ROI =$12,925 – $10,050$0,0,0,0 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 10 $= 28.75% Where: IVI = Initialvalue (cost) of investment FVI = Finalvalueofinvestment begin&text =$10, 000 + $50 =$10, 050 \&text = $12, 500 +$500 – $75 \ &phantom } =$12, 925 \&text = frac times100 \&phantom } = 28.75% \&textbf\& text = text \&text = text end IVI = $10,000 +$50 = $10,050 FVI =$12,500 + $500 –$75 FVI = $12,925 ROI =$10,050 $12,925 –$10 , 050% I0 . = initial value (cost) of investment FVI = final value of investment

The annualized ROI calculation provides a solution for one of the key limitations of the basic ROI calculation. The basic ROI calculation does not take into account the length of time an investment is held, also referred to as the holding period. The formula for calculating annualized ROI is as follows:

Assume a hypothetical investment that generated an ROI of 50% over five years. The simple annual average ROI of 10% – which was obtained by dividing ROI by the holding period of five years – is only a rough approximation of annualized ROI. This is because it ignores the effects of compounding, which can make a significant difference over time. The longer the time, the bigger the difference between the approximate annual average ROI, which is calculated by dividing the ROI by the holding time in this scenario, and annualized ROI. This calculation can also be used for holding periods of less than a year by converting the holding period to a fraction of a year.

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Assume that an investment in stock X generated an ROI of 50% over five years, while an investment in stock Y returned 30% over three years. You can determine which was the better investment in terms of ROI by using this equation:

Leverage can magnify ROI if the investment generates gains. By the same token, leverage can increase losses if the investment proves to be a losing investment.

Assume that an investor bought 1,000 shares of the hypothetical company Worldwide Wickets Co. at $10 per share. Also assume that the investor bought the shares on a 50% margin (meaning they invested$5,000 of their own capital and borrowed $5,000 from their brokerage firm as a margin loan). Exactly one year later, the investor sold the shares for$12.50. The shares earned dividends of $500 over the one-year holding period. The investor also spent a total of$125 on trading commissions when buying and selling the shares.

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The calculation must also account for the cost of the purchase on margin. In this example, the margin loan carried an interest rate of 9%.

When calculating the ROI in this example, there are a few important things to keep in mind. First, the interest on the margin loan ($450) should be considered in total cost. Second, the initial investment is now$5,000 because of the leverage employed by taking the margin loan of $5,000. ROI = ($12.50 – $10) × 1000 +$500 – $125 –$450 ($10 × 1000) – ($10 × 500) × 100 = 48.5% begintext &= frac0time &= 48.5 % \ End ROI ​ = ($10 × 1000) – ($10 × 500) ($12.50 –$10) × 1000 + $500 –$125 – $450 × 100 = 48.5% Thus, although the net dollar return is reduced by$450 on account of the margin interest, ROI is still substantially higher at 48.50% (compared with 28.75% if no leverage was employed).

As another example, consider if the share price fell to $8.00 instead of rising to$12.50. In this situation, the investor decides to take the loss and sell the full position.
ROI = [($8-$10) × 1000] + $500 -$125-$450 ($10 × 1000) – ($10 × 500) × 100 = -$2, 075$5,-01. % begintext &= frac times 100 \&= – frac \&= -41.5% \end ROI ​ = ($10 × 1000) – ($10 × 500) [($8 – $10 ) × 1000 ] +$500 – $125 –$450 × 100 = – \$5,000 